The Pomeranian is a small, Spitz-type dog breed that was developed in Pomerania, a region of Germany and Poland. The breed’s name derives from the Pomerania region. In this post, I’ll be going over the Pomeranian dog breed, including its history and characteristics.
Before we continue, I’d like to briefly go over what a Spitz is. There are different breeds of spitz dogs with the most common being Samoyed, Siberian husky, Alaskan Malamute, Shiba Inu, Keeshond, and Chow Chow. A spitz has a wedge-shaped head with prick ears, curled tail in a loop over the back, double coat, and tends to be rather furry.
History of Pomeranian Dog Breed
The Pomeranian is a descendant of larger spitz-type dogs that lived in Tibet. The breed is believed to have been brought into the region during the Crusades, which started around 1096 AD. The dog was then used for herding and guarded families’ homes.
Shepherds noticed that these small dogs had an instinct to “prick up” their ears and turn their heads when they heard the sound of distant sheep bells. The dogs were later brought back to Europe, where shepherds used them as watch dogs for their flocks. It is believed that the Pomeranian was crossed with larger breeds, including some Nordic breeds, which resulted in its current appearance developing.
In the 18th century, Pomeranian dog breed was popular among royal families in Europe. Queen Victoria had a small Pomeranian dog named “Windsor’s Marco,” who made front page news when he saved the Queen from an attack by another dog. The Pomeranian was also used as a circus performer, due to their intelligence and energy. Due to their popularity, people began breeding them with the goal of developing a small dog with an appearance like the northern spitz breeds.
The breed has since made its way to America by way of emigrants that left Europe. It became popular during the 1920s-1930s, where it was featured in several movies as a comic relief character. In 1931, the American Kennel Club recognized the Pomeranian dog breed.
Characteristics of Pomeranian Dog Breed
The Pomeranian is a small dog breed, usually weighing around 4-7 pounds and standing 7-11 inches tall at the shoulder. They have a thick, double coat that comes in a variety of colors. Common coat colors include orange, brown, black, cream, white, red and mixed shades of these colors. The breed has a furry tail that is carried curled over its back.
The Pomeranian’s eyes are circular in shape with dark rims surrounding them. Some owners also clip their dog’s ears to make them stand up.
The breed is very active and intelligent. They are quick learners, which means that they pick up on training behaviors quickly. They are also easily excitable by sounds and sights, so it’s important to start their training early on. The Pomeranian can be difficult to housebreak because of this trait, but owners should stick with the process until they are successful.
Pomeranians have a tendency to bark frequently, so owners will want to train them not to do this. If too many barks are allowed, the dog may develop a full on barking habit. They also have an instinct to stand on their hind legs and dig into cupboards for food left there by their owners.
The Pomeranian is a fun-loving dog that loves to be the center of attention. They are affectionate dogs, so they are good with family members, but may have difficulties getting along with other dogs and pets due to their bias towards being “pack leader.”
Pomeranian dog breed has a life expectancy of 12-15 years. Like all breeds, Pomeranians are prone to certain health problems. These include cataracts, knee and hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, hypothyroidism and alopecia.
Owners should take their dog to the vet for regular checkups to keep their pets healthy. They also need to do research into the breed to find out whether their dog has any genetic predispositions toward health problems.
Training: Pomeranian dog breed needs to be trained early on because of their stubbornness. They learn quickly, so training should be short and sweet.
Exercise: Pomeranians are very active dogs that need a lot of exercises. They have been known to perform in circus shows due to their energetic nature, so they may behave unexpectedly if they do not get enough exercise.
Grooming: Pomeranians will need grooming at least every few weeks to keep their coat shiny and healthy. They shed constantly throughout the year, with heavy shedding periods that can last up to 3-4 weeks per year, depending on the season.
As a pet: Pomeranians are small dogs that love to be the center of attention. They need a lot of exercise, so they may not be suitable for people who live in apartments or small houses.
Breeders: Breeders should take care to research their line of dogs to make sure they are doing a good job of strengthening the gene pool. They should also ensure that the parents and puppies have been given due medical attention to prevent genetic health problems from being passed down.
Pomeranians vs Pomsky:
Pomeranians and Pomskies look similar, but there are some fundamental differences between the two breeds. It is important to consider these before deciding which one would be a better pet for you and your family.
- Pomeranian dog breed comes from Central Europe and was originally used as a sled puller. They were brought to America by European immigrants and used as pets.
- The Pomsky is a new breed, developed in the 21st century from cross-breeding of a Husky and a Pomeranian to create a smaller version of the Husky.
- Pomeranians have been selectively bred for over 150 years, so their gene pool has been well established. A Pomsky, on the other hand, is a newer breed that does not have as large of a gene pool as Pomeranians.
- Pomeranian dog breed weighs between 3-7 lbs and stands at 8-11 inches tall at the shoulder. It has a double coat that consists of a soft undercoat and an outer top coat. The color of this breed varies as well, as there are three general types: brown and tan (red), orange and red, and pure white.
- Pomskies weigh anywhere between 15-30 lbs and generally stands at 13-15 inches tall at the shoulder. They can be any color or combination of colors. Pomsky’s double coat is not as well defined as that of a Pomeranian.
- Pomeranians are active dogs that need to be taken on walks daily. They also need to be played with every day to keep their minds stimulated.
- Pomskies, on the other hand, can go long periods of time without exercise because they are bred from Huskies who have high levels of energy. This breed does not need to be taken on walks very often because they are content with playing indoors.
- Pomeranian dog breed is generally healthy, but like all breeds it is prone to certain health problems due to inbreeding and improper breeding techniques. These include hip dysplasia, cataracts, patellar luxation, and disc disease.
Hi there! My name is Nathan Sambu, a pet parent to two Siberian Huskies and one of the co-founders of Our Pets HQ. I am a recognized pet breeder of thick-coat dog breeds suitable and I am one of the leading dog breed experts in the US and Canada. I write in several blogs providing insights on different dog breeds. I have owned several breeds including a Pitbull who recently died in the middle of Covid lockdown(2021). I also provide part-time consulting on pet breeds for parents undecided on which breed to go for. You can reach me on firstname.lastname@example.org.